Kyrgyz money (som)
The Kyrgyz national currency, the Som was introduced in 1993. The word «som» in Russian is the name of a fish — but the word in Kyrgyz means «an unprocessed metal piece» and was used to denote a form of currency from before Russian expansion into the region. The Soviet rouble banknotes used to have their nominal values printed on them in 16 languages — including the Kyrgyz — «som».
Because it was unexpected, the introduction of the new currency plunged Kyrgyzstan into a crisis with its neighbours, (especially Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan), still in the «rouble zone». Shortly after, however, the other countries of Central Asia also introduced their own currencies.
In May 1995 the som became fully convertible and can be freely exchanged for the currency of other countries. The National Bank of Kyrgyzstan sets exchange rates against major currencies every day. When it was introduced, the exchange rate was set at 4 som to the US dollar. At the end of 1999 it was almost 46 to the US dollar and in 2001 about 48 to the US dollar.
Originally all the som notes were the same size (about 13.5cm x 6.5 cm), and had the same design. On the front was a picture of the statue of Manas on his horse outside the Philharmonia in Bishkek, and on the back was a picture of the Manas Mausoleum in Talas. The colour and the numbers differentiated them. At first there were three notes, 1, 5 and 20 som.
Because the 1 som and the 20 som notes were similar in colour, there was sometimes confusion, and so a new, smaller, 1 som note was introduced. Newly designed notes are sometimes introduced incorporating security features to prevent forgeries. It still possible to find several different versions of the 1, 5 and 10 som notes in circulation.
On one side of the notes is a portrait of a famous Kyrgyz person, and on the other some images relating to the person — a place. There are also traditional Kyrgyz patterns built into the design. There are nine denominations of som banknotes: 1 — brown; 5 — blue; 10 — green; 20 — brown and yellow; 50 — pink; 100 — brown/green/black, and the larger notes introduced in 2000 : 200 — ochre, 500 — pink and 1000 — grey.
The som is divided into 100 tyin. You may think of tyiyn as «small change» — actually, the Kyrgyz used to call any small change (even that of other countries) tyiyn and the name is used in Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan as well. The tyiyn banknotes are smaller (about 9cm x 7.5cm) and like the original som banknotes share the same design, being differentiated by colour and numbers denoting their value. On one side of the note is an eagle in flight and on the other is the image taken from the flag (of a tyunduk within a sunburst of 40 flames) within a traditional Kyrgyz pattern representing rams horns and flowers There are three denominations … 50 tyin — blue; 10 tyin — green and 1 tyin — pink.
There are no coins in circulation. However, in 1995 some 2000 special Gold (nominal value — 100 som) and 5000 Silver (nominal value — 10 som) coins were commissioned and minted by Pobjoy Mint in London (using local minerals) to commemorate the 1000 years of the Manas epic. Sometimes, it is still possible to find special presentation packs in some of the shops. In 2000 some special coins were issued to commemorate the 3000 years of settlement on the site of the city of Osh. In 2001 — a new coin was minted to mark the tenth anniversary of Kyrgyz Independence.
In August 2000 new banknotes were issued with a value of 200, 500 and 1000 som. These are bigger than the older notes and contain several security measures to prevent forgery.
In 2001 — a new coin was minted to mark the tenth anniversary of Kyrgyz Independence.

1 tyin
1 тыйин 1 тыйин

10 tyin
10 тыйин 10 тыйин

50 tyin
50 тыйин 50 тыйин


1 som

1 сом 1 сом
Banknote of 1993

1 сом 1 сом
Banknote of 1994

1 сом 1 сом
Banknote of 2000

Obverse
Abdylas Maldybaev (1906-1978) - The first composer and singer (tenor).
Backside
Kyrgyz musical instruments komuz and kayak on the background of the building of the State Philharmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov.

5 som

5 сом 5 сом
Banknote of 1993

5 сом 5 сом
Banknote of 1994

5 сом 5 сом
Banknote of 1997

Obverse
Byubyusara Beyshenalievoy (1926-1973) - one of the founders of the Kyrgyz ballet.
Backside
Kyrgyz State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre Abdylas Maldybaeva.

10 som
10 сом 10 сом
Banknote of 1994

10 сом 10 сом
Banknote of 1997

Obverse
Kasim Tynystanov (1901-1938) - outstanding Worker of Science and Culture of the Kyrgyz people.
Backside
Mountain ranges of Kyrgyzstan and Tracts Jeti-Oguz.

20 som

20 сом 20 сом
Banknote of 1993

20 сом 20 сом
Banknote of 1994

20 сом 20 сом
Banknote of 2002

20 сом 20 сом
Banknote of 2009

Obverse
Togolok Moldo (Baiymbet Abdyrakhman uulu, 1860-1942) - kyrgyz bard.
Backside
Kumbez Manas. Monumental building of the 14th century. (Talas District, the village of Tash-irrigation ditch).

50 som
50 сом 50 сом
Banknote of 1994

50 сом 50 сом
Banknote of 1997

50 сом 50 сом
Banknote of 2009

Obverse
Kurmanjan Datka (Kurmanjan Mamatbai kyzy, 1811-1907) - An outstanding statesman of the Kyrgyz people. Widely known as "Alay kanyshasy" (Queen of Alai).
Backside
Uzgen architectural complex. 11-12 centuries.

100 som
100 сом 100 сом
Banknote of 1994

100 сом 100 сом
Banknote of 1997

100 сом 100 сом
Banknote of 2009

Commemorative banknote, put into circulation 20 October 2014 g in honor of the 150th anniversary of the outstanding Kyrgyz bard, composer and komuzista Toktogul Satylganov.

Obverse
Toktogul Satylgan uluu (1864-1933 gg.) - Kyrgyz Democrat - bard, thinker.
Backside
Toktogul Hydroelectric.

200 som
200 сом 200 сом
Banknote of 2000

200 сом 200 сом
Banknote of 2010


Commemorative banknote, put into circulation 20 October 2014 g in honor of the 100th anniversary of the famous Kyrgyz poet, playwright and translator Alykul Osmonova.

Obverse
Alykul Osmonov (1915-1950) - a prominent Kyrgyz poet, playwright, worked in the first half of the 20th century.
Backside
Issyk-Kul lake - beautiful mountain lake, the "Pearl of Kyrgyzstan." In the upper left part of the banknote placed verses A.Osmonova dedicated Issyk-Kul.

500 som
500 сом 500 сом
Banknote of 2000
Obverse
Sayakbai Karalaev (1894-1970) folk storyteller, bard-improviser, famous manaschy.
Backside
The figure of the narrator and the stylized image of the fabulous images.

500 сом 500 сом
Banknote of 2010

Obverse
Sayakbai Karalaev (1894-1970) folk storyteller, bard-improviser, famous manaschy.
Backside
Manas Mausoleum

1000 som
1000 сом 1000 сом
Banknote of 2000

1000 сом 1000 сом
Banknote of 2010

Obverse
Zhusup Balasagyn - poet, scholar, thinker, who lived in the 11th century.
Backside
Sulaiman-Too mountain.

5000 som
5000 сом 5000 сом
Banknote of 2009

Obverse
Kyrgyz Soviet actor Suimenkul Chokmorov (1939-1992)
Backside
Kyrgyz ridge


Coins Kyrgyzstan


10 тыйин

50 тыйин

1 сом

3 сома

5 сом

10 сом

Collectible coins

1 тыйин


Commemorative coins

The National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic produces commemorative coins of precious (gold - the nominal value of 100 catfish and silver - the nominal value of 10 KGS) and base (copper-nickel alloy - in denominations of 1 and 5 som) metals since 1995.
As of August 2012 has been released on 41 species of coins, including 8 of the copper-nickel alloy, 30 out of 925 sterling silver and 3 gold 999.
Coins of base metal. Coin 1 som made ​​of copper-nickel alloy, have a mass of 12 g and a diameter of 30 mm. Corrugated edge. Circulation - 5,000 pieces of each kind.
Silver coins. Coin 10 som are made of 925 sterling silver with gold gold 999 1 micron, have a mass of 28.28 grams and a diameter of 38.60 mm. Corrugated edge. Circulation - 1500 pieces of each kind.
Gold coins. Coin 100 KGS made ​​of gold 999.

Series "Kyrgyzstan on the Great Silk Road"

Бурана. 1 сом
Burana Tower

Бурана. 10 сом
Burana Tower
Таш-Рабат. 1 сом. Таш-Рабат. 1 сом.
Tash-Rabat

Таш-Рабат. 10 сом. Таш-Рабат. 10 сом.
Tash-Rabat

Узгенский архитектурный комплекс. 1 сом Узгенский архитектурный комплекс. 10 сом.
Uzgen architectural complex
Узгенский архитектурный комплекс. 10 сом. Узгенский архитектурный комплекс. 10 сом.
Uzgen architectural complex
Сулайман-Тоо. 1 сом. Сулайман-Тоо
Sulaiman-Too
Сулайман-Тоо. 10 сом.
Sulaiman-Too
1 сом. Иссык-Куль
Issyk-Kul


10 сом. Иссык-Куль.
Issyk-Kul
10 сом. Великий шёлковый путь. 10 сом. Великий шёлковый путь.
The Great Silk Road




A series of "Independence of the Kyrgyz Republic - 20 years"

10 сом. Независимой Кыргызской Республике — 20 лет. 10 сом. Независимой Кыргызской Республике — 20 лет.
Independent of the Kyrgyz Republic - 20 years


1 сом. Пик Победы. 1 сом. Пик Победы.
Pobeda Peak

10 сом. Пик Победы. 140 сом. Пик Победы.
Pobeda Peak
1 сом. Хан-Тенгри. 1 сом. Хан-Тенгри.
Khan-Tengri



A series of "International Year of the Mountains"

10 сом. Архар. 10 сом. Архар. Arhar



10 сом. Эдельвейс. Edelweiss


Coins, devoted to works of Chingiz Aitmatov

10 сом. Чингиз Айтматов. 10 сом. Чингиз Айтматов. Chingiz Aitmatov




10 сом. Джамиля. 10 сом. Джамиля. Jamila

10 сом. Первый учитель. First teacher

10 сом. Материнское поле. Mother's Field

10 сом. Прощай, Гульсары!. Farewell Gulsary!

10 сом. Белый пароход. White boat


Coins, devoted to the EurAsEC

10 сом. Столицы стран ЕврАзЭС. Бишкек. 10 сом. Столицы стран ЕврАзЭС. Бишкек. Capitals of EurAsEC
Bishkek

10 сом. Животный мир стран ЕврАзЭС. Беркут. 10 сом. Животный мир стран ЕврАзЭС. Беркут. The fauna of the EurAsEC countries
Berkut
10 сом. Легенды и сказки народов стран ЕврАзЭС. Мать-олениха. 10 сом. Легенды и сказки народов стран ЕврАзЭС. Мать-олениха. Legends and Tales of the peoples of the Eurasian Economic Community
Mother-Deer
10 сом. 10 лет Евразийскому экономическому сообществу. 10 сом. 10 лет Евразийскому экономическому сообществу. 10 years of the Eurasian Economic Community
10 сом. Национальные обычаи и обряды народов стран ЕврАзЭС. Возведение юрты. 10 сом. Национальные обычаи и обряды народов стран ЕврАзЭС Возведение юрты National customs and traditions of the peoples of the Eurasian Economic Community
Erection of yurts

Other coins

5 сом. Комуз. 5 сом. Комуз. Komuz

10 сом. Мир наших детей. 10 сом. Мир наших детей. The world of our children

100 сом. 1000-летие эпоса Манас. 100 сом. 1000-летие эпоса Манас. 1000th anniversary of the Manas Epic
10 сом. 10 лет национальной валюте. 10 сом. 10 лет национальной валюте. 10 years of national currency
10 сом. 2200 лет кыргызской государственности. 10 сом. 2200 лет кыргызской государственности. 2,200 years of Kyrgyz statehood

10 сом. 60 лет Великой Победе. 10 сом. 60 лет Великой Победе. 60 years of the Great Victory
10 сом. Шанхайская организация сотрудничества. 10 сом. Шанхайская организация сотрудничества. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization
10 сом. 200 лет Курманджан Датке. 10 сом. 200 лет Курманджан Датке. 200 years Kurmandjan Datka
10 сом. Ирбис. 10 сом. Ирбис. Ilbirs

10 сом. Хан-Тенгри 10-летие независимости Кыргызстана. 10 сом. Хан-Тенгри 10-летие независимости Кыргызстана.
Khan-Tengri
10th anniversary of Kyrgyzstan's independence


10 сом. 1000-летие эпоса Манас. 10 сом. 1000-летие эпоса Манас. 1000th anniversary of the Manas Epic
100 сом. 3000-летие города Ош. 100 сом. 3000-летие города Ош. 3000 anniversary of the city of Osh

100 сом. 200 лет Курманджан Датке. 100 сом. 200 лет Курманджан Датке. 200 years Kurmandjan Datka

Kyrgyzstan travel